EPSRC Reference: 
EP/N009436/1 
Title: 
The Many Faces of Random Characteristic Polynomials 
Principal Investigator: 
Fyodorov, Professor Y 
Other Investigators: 

Researcher CoInvestigators: 

Project Partners: 

Department: 
Mathematics 
Organisation: 
Kings College London 
Scheme: 
Standard Research 
Starts: 
26 August 2016 
Ends: 
25 August 2019 
Value (£): 
477,893

EPSRC Research Topic Classifications: 
Mathematical Analysis 
Mathematical Physics 

EPSRC Industrial Sector Classifications: 
No relevance to Underpinning Sectors 


Related Grants: 

Panel History: 
Panel Date  Panel Name  Outcome 
07 Sep 2015

EPSRC Mathematics Prioritisation Panel Sept 2015

Announced


Summary on Grant Application Form 
When a person hits, strikes, plucks or otherwise disturbs a musical instrument it is set into vibrational motion and produces a sound.
The motion can occur only in one of the patterns called "natural modes" by which that particular instrument could vibrate.
How fast the instrument vibrates in each of the natural modes is characterized by the "frequency" of that mode,
so that the higher is the frequency the higher is pitch of the sound we hear. Apart from the frequency each mode
is characterized by its "quality factor" which is a measure of duration of sound until it dies out beyond the audibility level.
Musical instruments is one of the basic examples of devices called resonators, but resonance phenomena
are widespread in Nature and in fact underpin a lot of modern Science and Technology.
For example, in much the same way as musical instruments, complex atomic nuclei (as for example uranium, plutonium or thorium)
"vibrate" in one of their natural modes when hit in experiments by a fastmoving particle used to probe inner structure of the nuclei.
The set of all natural frequencies of any physical object is called the "spectrum". Spectra are important characteristics of any
object and can reveal a lot about its structure and properties. Spectra of musical instruments are very ordered (or "harmonic") to produce
pleasing sounds, whereas experiments show that spectra of complex atomic nuclei look disordered, or random, which reflects a very complicated,
chaotic and unpredictable character of motion of nuclei constituents. But behind all that "spectral disorder" lurks a certain pattern which represents
a new "harmony" in the Nature. For example, the same pattern reveals itself in positions of birds perching on a roof or in distances between closely
parked cars. Or indeed in the positions of zeroes of a function introduced by German mathematician Bernhard Riemann to study properties of one
of the main building blocks of Mathematics  the prime numbers. To be able to characterize such ubiquitous
patterns quantitatively mathematicians use as a model idealized objects called random matrices. Spectral properties of such matrices are encapsulated
in a function called characteristic polynomial of the matrix. When plotted graphs of such functions show huge random variations by the orders of magnitude reflecting random nature of the associated spectra. To characterize such variations statistically in a rigorous mathematical way is a challenging
mathematical problem. The present project aims to address various facets of statistical behaviour of random characteristic polynomials.
As almost invariably happens in Mathematics, tools introduced to understand a certain phenomenon help to reveal many other hidden structures in problems not obviously related to the original one. The theory of random matrices is rich with such unexpected connections. In particular, the present research aims to employ random characteristic polynomials for analysing behaviour of systems of differential equations used describe, among other things, ecological communities of many interacting species and possibly dynamics of networks of interacting neurons. Related characteristic polynomials
may be helpful for understanding properties of spectra of complex atomic nuclei and similar systems, in particular the associated "quality factors" which are known in that context as "widths of resonances". All these questions are to be addressed in the course of the proposed research.

Key Findings 
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Potential use in nonacademic contexts 
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Summary 

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