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Details of Grant 

EPSRC Reference: EP/L026910/1
Title: Innovative photomechanical approaches in identification of the dynamic mechanical behaviour of materials
Principal Investigator: Pierron, Professor F
Other Investigators:
Researcher Co-Investigators:
Project Partners:
Airforce Office of Scientific Research Defence Science & Tech Lab DSTL Imperial College London
ONERA Uni of Tras os Montes and Alto Douro University of Grenoble 1
University of Oxford University of Rennes 1
Department: Faculty of Engineering & the Environment
Organisation: University of Southampton
Scheme: EPSRC Fellowship
Starts: 30 November 2014 Ends: 30 November 2020 Value (£): 1,212,680
EPSRC Research Topic Classifications:
Eng. Dynamics & Tribology Materials testing & eng.
EPSRC Industrial Sector Classifications:
Aerospace, Defence and Marine
Related Grants:
Panel History:
Panel DatePanel NameOutcome
19 Jun 2014 Eng Fellowship Interviews June 2014 Announced
29 Apr 2014 Engineering Prioritisation Panel Meeting 29 April 2014 Announced
Summary on Grant Application Form
In many areas of engineering, materials suffer deformation at high rates. This is the case when structures undergo impact, crash, blast, etc. but also in material forming like stamping or machining for instance. Therefore, it is essential for design engineers to have reliable mechanical models to predict the behaviour of the materials in such applications. This is enhanced by the spectacular progress in numerical simulation which now enables to perform detailed computations of very complex situations. However, robust experimental identification of refined high strain rate deformation models is lagging behind and hinders the delivery of the full potential of numerical simulations for the benefit of society: safer infrastructures (buildings, bridges, dams), safer means of transportation (crashworthiness of vehicles) etc.

Indeed, in order to perform experimental identification of high strain rate material models, engineers only have a very limited toolbox based on test procedures developed decades ago. The best example is the so-called Split Hopkinson Pressure Bar (SHPB) which has proved extremely useful but has important intrinsic limitations due to the stringent assumptions required to process the test data. These assumptions are the consequence of the very limited instrumentation for which such tests were developed, usually a few strain gauge readings for the standard SHPB set-up. The recent advent of full-field deformation measurements using imaging techniques has allowed novel approaches to be developed and exciting new testing procedures to be imagined for the first time.

The objective of the present project is to lay the foundations of a new era in dynamic testing of materials based on the availability of digital imaging technology to provide full-field deformation measurements at very high speeds. One can then use this information in conjunction with efficient numerical inverse identification tools such as the Virtual Fields Method to design novel test procedures to identify material parameters at high rates. The underpinning novelty is to exploit the inertial effects developed in high strain rate load. These have hitherto been regarded as undesirable in conventional testing. However, in the identification process they can play the role of a volume distributed load cell for which readings are embedded in the full-field deformation measurements. The idea is ground breaking as it has the potential to lift the current major limitations of high strain rate test, i.e. small specimen and constant velocity. The present proposal aims at providing a platform for the applicant to develop this methodology for many different types of situations in terms of materials, loading configuration and strain rate range. The project has the potential to revolutionize high strain rate testing of materials and hence enhance our knowledge of material behaviour. This will in turn benefit many sectors of engineering and society in the long term.
Key Findings
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Potential use in non-academic contexts
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Organisation Website: http://www.soton.ac.uk