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Details of Grant 

EPSRC Reference: EP/V011189/1
Title: REPHRAIN: Research centre on Privacy, Harm Reduction and Adversarial Influence online
Principal Investigator: Rashid, Professor A
Other Investigators:
Stanton Fraser, Professor D Murdoch, Dr SJ Such, Dr JM
Nissen, Dr B Joinson, Professor A Coté, Dr M
Owen, Professor RJ Vranaki, Dr A Elahi, Dr M
Williams, Dr E J Carr, Professor M De Cristofaro, Dr E
Researcher Co-Investigators:
Project Partners:
Bristol City Council Burges Salmon LLP Centre for the Cultivation of Technology
Competition and Markets Authority Cybsafe Limited digi.me Limited
Free University of Brussels (VUB) Genies Inc Google
Government Office for Science Harvard University Hazy
Katholieke University Leuven Metropolitan Police Service National Crime Agency
National Police of the Netherlands Oblivious Software Ltd OneSpan
Open Rights Group Privitar The Health Data Exchange
The Tor Project UKAuthority
Department: Computer Science
Organisation: University of Bristol
Scheme: Standard Research
Starts: 01 October 2020 Ends: 30 September 2023 Value (£): 6,972,599
EPSRC Research Topic Classifications:
Artificial Intelligence Criminology
Ethics Fundamentals of Computing
Human-Computer Interactions Information & Knowledge Mgmt
Psychology Software Engineering
EPSRC Industrial Sector Classifications:
Information Technologies Financial Services
Aerospace, Defence and Marine
Related Grants:
Panel History:
Panel DatePanel NameOutcome
22 Jun 2020 Protecting Citizens Online Announced
Summary on Grant Application Form
The REsearch centre on Privacy, Harm Reduction and Adversarial INfluence online (REPHRAIN) will bring together the UK's substantial academic, industry, policy and third sector capabilities to address the current tensions and imbalances between the substantial benefits to be gained by full participation in the digital economy and the potential for harm through loss of privacy, insecurity, disinformation and a myriad of other online harms.

Combining world-leading experts from the Universities of Bristol, Edinburgh, Bath, King's and UCL, the REPHRAIN Centre will use an interdisciplinary approach - alongside principles of responsible innovation and creative engagement - to develop new insights that allow the socio-economic benefits of a digital economy to be maximised whilst minimising the online harms that emerge from this.

REPHRAIN's leadership team will drive these insights in technical, social, behavioural, policy and regulatory research on privacy, privacy enhancing technologies and online harms, through an initial scoping phase and 25 inaugural projects.

The work of REPHRAIN will be focused around three core missions and four engagement and impact objectives. Mission 1 emphasises the requirement to deliver privacy at scale whilst mitigating its misuse to inflict harms. This will focus on reconciling the tension between data privacy and lawful expectations of transparency by not only drawing heavily on advances in privacy-enhancing technologies (PETs), but also leveraging the full range of socio-technical approaches to rethink how we can best address potential trade-offs. Mission 2 emphasises the need to minimise harms whilst maximising the benefits from a sharing-driven digital economy, redressing citizens' rights in transactions in the data-driven economic model by transforming the narrative from privacy as confidentiality only to also include agency, control, transparency and ethical and social values. Finally, Mission 3 focuses on addressing the balance between individual agency and social good, developing a rigorous understanding of what privacy represents for different sectors and groups in society (including those hard to reach), the different online harms to which they may be exposed, and the cultural and societal nuances impacting effectiveness of harm-reduction approaches in practice.

These missions are supported by four engagement and impact objectives that represent core pillars of REPHRAIN's approach: (1) design and engagement; (2) adoption and adoptability; (3) responsible, inclusive and ethical innovation; and (4) policy and regulation. Combined, these objectives will deliver co-production, co-creation and impact at scale across academia, industry, policy and the third sector.

These activities will be complemented by a capability fund, which will ensure that REPHRAIN activities remain flexible and responsive to current issues, addressing emerging capability gaps, maximising impact and cultivating a public space for collaboration. REPHRAIN will be managed by a Strategic Board and supported by an External Advisory Group, the REPHRAIN Ethics Board, and will work with multiple external stakeholders across industry, public, and the third sector.

Outcomes from the centre will be synthesised into the REPHRAIN Toolbox - a one-stop resource for researchers, practitioners, policy-makers, regulators and citizens - which will contribute to developing a culture of continuous learning, collaboration and open engagement and reflection within the area of online harm reduction.

Overall, REPHRAIN focuses on interdisciplinary leadership provided by a highly experienced team and supported by state-of-the-art facilities, to develop and apply scientific expertise to ensure that the benefits of a digital society can be enjoyed safely and securely by all.

Key Findings
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Potential use in non-academic contexts
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Organisation Website: http://www.bris.ac.uk