EPSRC Reference: 
EP/V005995/1 
Title: 
HopfGalois Theory and Skew Braces 
Principal Investigator: 
Byott, Professor N 
Other Investigators: 

Researcher CoInvestigators: 

Project Partners: 

Department: 
Mathematical Sciences 
Organisation: 
University of Exeter 
Scheme: 
Standard Research 
Starts: 
01 June 2021 
Ends: 
31 May 2024 
Value (£): 
368,722

EPSRC Research Topic Classifications: 

EPSRC Industrial Sector Classifications: 
No relevance to Underpinning Sectors 


Related Grants: 

Panel History: 

Summary on Grant Application Form 
The project will explore and develop the connection between two rather different areas of algebra, namely HopfGalois theory and (skew) braces.
Galois theory is the area of algebra which studies the symmetries (automorphisms) of number systems (fields) using groups. A familiar example is complex conjugation, which is an automorphism of the complex numbers that fixes all real numbers and generates a group of order 2, the Galois group of the complex numbers as an extension of the real numbers. Among other things, Galois theory explains why a polynomial equation of degree 5 or more cannot in general be solved by a formula. HopfGalois theory generalises this classical situation by replacing the Galois group with a Hopf algebra. A given field extension may have many HopfGalois structures, and, by a result of Greither and Pareigis (1987), finding them all amounts to a combinatorial problem in group theory. There are many results enumerating or restricting HopfGalois structures for extensions with various Galois groups, and the Principal Investigator has been a key contributor to this endeavour.
(Skew) braces are algebraic objects which give solutions of the YangBaxter equation. They are of considerable interest since the YangBaxter equation plays a fundamental role in many areas of theoretical physics and of mathematics. Braces were introduced by Rump (2007) and have since been studied by many authors. They were generalised to skew braces by Guarnieri and Vendramin (2017). It was first noted by Bachiller (2016) that there is a connection between HopfGalois structures and braces. This connection in fact extends to skew braces. The connection comes about because both HopfGalois structures and skew braces correspond to regular subgroups in the holomorph of another group. This means that there is a correspondence between HopfGalois structures and skew braces which, while not onetoone, allows results on HopfGalois structures to be reinterpreted as results on skew braces, and vice versa.
This project will investigate several important open problems on braces and skew braces, and their analogues for HopfGalois structures. These problems all involve the notion of extensions of braces or HopfGalois structures, and the initial phase of the research will be to understand these extensions from a variety of perspectives. The insights gained from doing so will be then be used to enumerate quaternionic and dihedral braces, to study skew braces with insoluble multiplicative group and soluble additive group, to look for new examples of soluble groups which are not involutive YangBaxter groups, and to classify some classes of simple braces and simple skew braces.

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Further Information: 

Organisation Website: 
http://www.ex.ac.uk 