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Details of Grant 

EPSRC Reference: EP/T000104/1
Title: Unravelling interfacial dynamics at the plasma-liquid boundary
Principal Investigator: Hasan, Dr M
Other Investigators:
Researcher Co-Investigators:
Project Partners:
Department: Electrical Engineering and Electronics
Organisation: University of Liverpool
Scheme: New Investigator Award
Starts: 01 August 2019 Ends: 31 July 2021 Value (£): 226,283
EPSRC Research Topic Classifications:
Plasmas - Technological
EPSRC Industrial Sector Classifications:
No relevance to Underpinning Sectors
Related Grants:
Panel History:
Panel DatePanel NameOutcome
13 Jun 2019 EPSRC Physical Sciences - June 2019 Announced
Summary on Grant Application Form
Plasma-Treated-Liquids (PTL) have emerged as promising solutions for many global societal challenges. Preliminary studies showed remarkable success of PTL in treating antimicrobial infections, which costs the UK economy approximately £3 billion annually. In addition, PTL-based technologies in the food industry showed an ability to extend the shelf-life of many products by several days, which could potentially save UK consumers £6 billion per year by reducing food waste.

Despite these exciting preliminary results, there are major challenges impeding the widespread adoption of such PTL technology. One of which is understanding the interaction between the plasma and the treated liquid. This interaction occurs through a plasma-liquid interface which is difficult to study experimentally due to the very small scales in space and time of the interaction. Another challenge is the multi-physics aspect of this interaction, where the plasma interacts with the treated liquid mechanically, chemically, electrically, and thermally. The different aspects of the plasma-liquid interaction are not independent, for example the mechanical interaction affects the chemical interaction, and the electrical interaction affects the mechanical interaction. This multi-physics coupling makes understanding the plasma-liquid interactions even more challenging.

The aim of this project is to build an advanced numerical model describing plasma-liquid interfaces, linking the plasma conditions to the properties of the treated liquid, and to compare the model's results to measurable parameters to benchmark it experimentally. The proposed model will implement a novel mathematical approach to resolve the small scales in space and time of the interaction. In addition to combining state-of-the-art numerical methods from multiple disciplines to resolve the strong multi-physics coupling of the problem. Then to use the developed model to understand the complex interactions at plasma-liquid interfaces, enuntered in many of the devices under development for tackling the previously mentioned societal challenges, thus accelerating the translation of PTL technology.

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Organisation Website: http://www.liv.ac.uk