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Details of Grant 

EPSRC Reference: EP/R043841/1
Title: Silicon Photonics for Quantum Fibre Networks
Principal Investigator: Thompson, Professor MG
Other Investigators:
Barreto, Dr J Sahin, Dr D
Researcher Co-Investigators:
Dr J Wang
Project Partners:
Department: Faculty of Science
Organisation: University of Bristol
Scheme: Standard Research - NR1
Starts: 01 February 2018 Ends: 31 January 2021 Value (£): 284,327
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Summary on Grant Application Form
Nowadays secure communication is essential for exchange of sensitive information, while the security based on classical cryptography protocols cannot be absolutely guaranteed. Especially when a full-tolerant quantum computer will be available, the classical encryption and decryption methods will be no longer secure, posing a serious threat to cryptosystems. Quantum cryptography (QCy), a branch of Quantum Communications (QCs), has opened a new era in the security of information transmission. Although big steps in QCs and Quantum Key Distribution (QKD) have been taken over the last 20 years, the future of QCs is still challenged by major barriers. The SQUARE project shatters these barriers by developing the next generation of quantum devices based on silicon photonics, enabling compact, reliable, and efficient components, allowing for the construction of fully connected long-reach, high-rate QKD-secured quantum communication networks. The SQUARE project develops a fully integrated transmitter (Tx) and receiver (Rx) for quantum communications and classical communication based on silicon photonics, which is a powerful means to combine the assets of integrated photonics with CMOS technologies. The driving force behind silicon photonics is that silicon represents a mature integration platform, which brings photonic circuits to a higher integration level allowing for mass-production as it has done for electronic circuits. In this sense, we believe that silicon photonics will play a significant role in future QCs, allowing to build up powerful and cost-effective photonic circuits for quantum communication applications. SQUARE will develop the integrated quantum technologies necessary to breach the limits of current state-of-the-art, and furthermore integrate these technologies directly in quantum subsystems. Hence the components will be developed for specific applications in specific quantum network scenarios. The proposed novel network leverages on the strengths of different technologies to obtain global benefits in terms of reach, sensitivity, complexity, practicality and total power consumption.
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Organisation Website: http://www.bris.ac.uk