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Details of Grant 

EPSRC Reference: EP/R021333/1
Title: The value of Interconnection in a Changing EU Electricity system
Principal Investigator: Dodds, Dr PE
Other Investigators:
Bell, Professor KRW Grubb, Professor MJ Ekins, Professor P
Researcher Co-Investigators:
Dr G Castagneto Gissey
Project Partners:
National Grid National Grid Ventures National Infrastructure Commission
Ofgem Parliamentary Office of Science and Tech Scottish Government, The
Scottish Power Transmission Investment UK Government
Utility Regulator for Northern Ireland Welsh Government
Department: Bartlett Sch of Env, Energy & Resources
Organisation: UCL
Scheme: Standard Research
Starts: 01 April 2018 Ends: 31 March 2019 Value (£): 673,171
EPSRC Research Topic Classifications:
Sustainable Energy Networks
EPSRC Industrial Sector Classifications:
Energy
Related Grants:
Panel History:
Panel DatePanel NameOutcome
06 Dec 2017 Engineering Prioritisation Panel Meeting 6 December 2017 Announced
Summary on Grant Application Form
Investing in new European interconnection capacity is one strategy to integrate renewables and nuclear power stations in the electricity systems of GB and Ireland, by maximising their value through exports and meeting demand peaks through imports.

This project aims to assess the value of UK interconnectors to the EU-27 and Norway, examining both the GB and the Irish Single Electricity markets, by investigating five hypotheses:

1. Expanding GB-linked interconnectors would reduce the cost of electricity for both the UK and the EU-27.

2. The operational value of interconnectors will be affected by post-Brexit market relationships (e.g. the GB relationship with the European Energy Union and the Irish Single Electricity market).

3. Balancing markets could be an important future source of revenue for interconnectors.

4. Previous interconnection modelling studies have misinterpreted spurious correlations caused by continent-wide increases in renewables and other system evolutions.

5. The optimal level of investment in GB and I-SEM interconnectors, and between Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland, in terms of both security and cost, will be affected by the outcome of Brexit negotiations.

The ETM-UCL European energy system model and the ANTARES European electricity dispatch model are being used to assess the potential benefits of existing and new interconnection between the UK and the EU-27 and Norway, for a range of post-Brexit policy environments. The impact of interconnectors and renewables on electricity system stability is being assessed.

The GCDCN model, adapted from neuroscience, is being developed to identify causal relationships between interconnection investments and price variations across UK and EU-27 markets. This provides a foundation for improving regulatory models and investment business case analyses.

Key Findings
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