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Details of Grant 

EPSRC Reference: EP/R010145/1
Title: Sir Henry Royce Institute - Oxford Equipment
Principal Investigator: Grant, Professor P
Other Investigators:
Researcher Co-Investigators:
Project Partners:
Department: Materials
Organisation: University of Oxford
Scheme: Standard Research - NR1
Starts: 01 April 2017 Ends: 31 March 2020 Value (£): 10,000,000
EPSRC Research Topic Classifications:
EPSRC Industrial Sector Classifications:
Manufacturing Chemicals
Energy R&D
Related Grants:
Panel History:  
Summary on Grant Application Form
Energy storage (ES) is at the heart of the energy trilemma for clean, secure, and cost effective

supply. The UK is strong in advanced materials engineering combined with unique geographical

opportunities for sustainable energy storage. Technology integration and strategic deployment are

essential for the UK to be world leading and to exploit material technology globally. According to

GE: "the development of energy storage technology is going to be one of the defining features of the

21st centuries energy landscape....it is going to be a huge market and is going to render the utilities

business unrecognisable within a few decades". Fundamentally, the most critical and enabling

aspect of energy storage devices are the materials from which they are made. For example, in

lithium ion batteries, the anode, cathode, separator, electrolyte and current collectors are all highly

optimised and compatible materials that are integrated at large scale ~5 B Li ion cells in 2016) using

bespoke manufacturing expertise.

Energy storage is a key enabler for clean transport and completes the renewable energy cycle. From

a historical perspective, there has been a disparate and 'polarised' approach to renewable energy

generation and use - the focus has been on the two 'extremes': on one side, generation (e.g. wind

turbines, solar PV) and on the other side, end uses and applications (e.g. electric vehicles). However,

the bridge to connect these into a working system is energy storage. Both mobile and stationary

energy storage offer significant potential for the UK; on the other hand, without energy storage it

will be difficult to decarbonise the electricity grid and achieve the UK targets for CO2 mitigation. The

importance of ES was highlighted in the Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy green

paper Building our Industrial Strategy in January 2017 that stated "Given the UK's underlying

strengths in science and energy technology, we want to be a global leader in battery technology."

ES comprises a wide variety of technologies, all particularly dependent on advances in materials

science. Resources need to be carefully allocated on selected technologies in order to achieve the

world leading status. Following Oxford-led stakeholder meetings, workshops and discussion, the

Royce ES theme will focus on (i) electrochemical energy storage technologies such as batteries,

supercapacitors and flow cells and (ii) thermoelectric and piezoelectric devices.

Key Findings
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Potential use in non-academic contexts
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Date Materialised
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Further Information:  
Organisation Website: http://www.ox.ac.uk