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Details of Grant 

EPSRC Reference: EP/R009465/1
Title: Baxter Relations for Open Integrable Quantum Spin Chains
Principal Investigator: Weston, Dr R
Other Investigators:
Doikou, Professor A Johnston, Professor DA
Researcher Co-Investigators:
Project Partners:
Department: S of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Organisation: Heriot-Watt University
Scheme: Standard Research
Starts: 01 April 2018 Ends: 30 September 2021 Value (£): 342,412
EPSRC Research Topic Classifications:
Mathematical Physics
EPSRC Industrial Sector Classifications:
No relevance to Underpinning Sectors
Related Grants:
Panel History:
Panel DatePanel NameOutcome
06 Sep 2017 EPSRC Mathematical Sciences Prioritisation Panel September 2017 Announced
Summary on Grant Application Form
This proposal considers a class of one-dimensional quantum systems known as integrable quantum spin chains. The word integrable means that these systems possess enhanced symmetries - with the consequence that some of their properties can be computed exactly. In particular, it is in principle possible to compute their energy eigenvalues exactly. These eigenvalues are given in terms of the solution of a system of equations called 'Bethe ansatz equations', which in term come from a more fundamental system of equations called 'Baxter relations'. Baxter relations are difference equations for a polynominal Q(z).

The modern construction and understanding of quantum spin chains relies on the representation theory of quantum groups, also know as quasi-triangular Hopf algebras. While this picture is well-developed for closed, periodic quantum spin chains,

it is only very recently that Baxter relations have been fully understood in this language. A key tool in the derivation and proof of Baxter relations was the definition and use of 'q-characters' of representations of general quantum affine Lie algebras.

The main goal of our proposal is to develop a parallel understanding of Baxter relations in 'open' quantum spin chains - that is, those with two independent integrable boundary conditions. We will start by producing an explicit construction of the Q-operator (whose eigenvalues give the polynomial Q(z)) for a simple open quantum spin chain known as the XXZ model (with arbitrary integrable boundary conditions). We will then define open analogues of q-characters, and use these objects in the formulation of a conjecture for the form of Baxter relations for a very general class of open systems. This conjecture will be proved.

A secondary goal concerns an application of our Baxter relations for open chains. We will use these relations to derive Bethe ansatz equations for a wide class of open chains. These Bethe ansatz equations will in turn be used to identify sub-classes of these models that possess a lattice supersymmetry (SUSY) relating systems of different size (observed previously for some very simple open spin chains). Very similar lattice-size recursion relations have

also been observed in certain non-equilibrium statistical-mechanical models known as ASEPs and ASAPs. We will use our systematic, algebraic understanding of lattice SUSY in order to clarify the relation of SUSY to ASEP and ASAP recursion relations.

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Organisation Website: http://www.hw.ac.uk