EPSRC Reference: 
EP/R009465/1 
Title: 
Baxter Relations for Open Integrable Quantum Spin Chains 
Principal Investigator: 
Weston, Dr R 
Other Investigators: 

Researcher CoInvestigators: 

Project Partners: 

Department: 
S of Mathematical and Computer Sciences 
Organisation: 
HeriotWatt University 
Scheme: 
Standard Research 
Starts: 
01 April 2018 
Ends: 
30 September 2021 
Value (£): 
342,412

EPSRC Research Topic Classifications: 

EPSRC Industrial Sector Classifications: 
No relevance to Underpinning Sectors 


Related Grants: 

Panel History: 

Summary on Grant Application Form 
This proposal considers a class of onedimensional quantum systems known as integrable quantum spin chains. The word integrable means that these systems possess enhanced symmetries  with the consequence that some of their properties can be computed exactly. In particular, it is in principle possible to compute their energy eigenvalues exactly. These eigenvalues are given in terms of the solution of a system of equations called 'Bethe ansatz equations', which in term come from a more fundamental system of equations called 'Baxter relations'. Baxter relations are difference equations for a polynominal Q(z).
The modern construction and understanding of quantum spin chains relies on the representation theory of quantum groups, also know as quasitriangular Hopf algebras. While this picture is welldeveloped for closed, periodic quantum spin chains,
it is only very recently that Baxter relations have been fully understood in this language. A key tool in the derivation and proof of Baxter relations was the definition and use of 'qcharacters' of representations of general quantum affine Lie algebras.
The main goal of our proposal is to develop a parallel understanding of Baxter relations in 'open' quantum spin chains  that is, those with two independent integrable boundary conditions. We will start by producing an explicit construction of the Qoperator (whose eigenvalues give the polynomial Q(z)) for a simple open quantum spin chain known as the XXZ model (with arbitrary integrable boundary conditions). We will then define open analogues of qcharacters, and use these objects in the formulation of a conjecture for the form of Baxter relations for a very general class of open systems. This conjecture will be proved.
A secondary goal concerns an application of our Baxter relations for open chains. We will use these relations to derive Bethe ansatz equations for a wide class of open chains. These Bethe ansatz equations will in turn be used to identify subclasses of these models that possess a lattice supersymmetry (SUSY) relating systems of different size (observed previously for some very simple open spin chains). Very similar latticesize recursion relations have
also been observed in certain nonequilibrium statisticalmechanical models known as ASEPs and ASAPs. We will use our systematic, algebraic understanding of lattice SUSY in order to clarify the relation of SUSY to ASEP and ASAP recursion relations.

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http://www.hw.ac.uk 