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Details of Grant 

EPSRC Reference: EP/P026753/1
Title: Burst the filter bubble: Bayesian nonparametrics for recommender systems
Principal Investigator: Caron, Dr F
Other Investigators:
Researcher Co-Investigators:
Project Partners:
Department: Statistics
Organisation: University of Oxford
Scheme: First Grant - Revised 2009
Starts: 01 January 2018 Ends: 30 April 2020 Value (£): 101,054
EPSRC Research Topic Classifications:
Statistics & Appl. Probability
EPSRC Industrial Sector Classifications:
No relevance to Underpinning Sectors
Related Grants:
Panel History:
Panel DatePanel NameOutcome
28 Feb 2017 EPSRC Mathematical Sciences Prioritisation Panel March 2017 Announced
Summary on Grant Application Form
Recommender systems aim at providing automated targeted recommendations to individuals based on items/people they like. They have gained a lot of attention over the past few years thanks to the famous Netflix prize, and are now ubiquitous and used by companies like Amazon, Apple or Youtube. Recommender systems are of particular economic interest in business. In this case, given an observed set of purchased items by customers, we aim at providing relevant recommendations to potential buyers of a given product. One may also be interested in obtaining a market segmentation of the customers and/or products, and in identifying trends in the evolution of the popularity of products. Recommender systems arise in several application domains for news, music, books, web searches or restaurants. When looking at the popularity of the items, the datasets often exhibit a heavy tail behavior: most purchases concern only a small number of very popular items, the majority of the items being bought very rarely. The ability of recommender systems to provide personalized recommendations tailored to the user tastes are particularly attractive; but this personalization has raised a number of concerns regarding recommender systems. One of them has been popularized under the term "Filter bubble", coined by Eli Pariser in a recent popular book: the fear that personalized recommendations are acting as an echo chamber, only suggesting items which are the most popular and the closest to the user's tastes and not exposing him to contradictory/iconoclastic opinions or exotic/unusual products. Regarding the recommendation of products, this may have the negative effect to only recommend popular items users already know about. A significant amount of research in the computer science literature has actually recently be devoted to deriving recommender systems favoring diversity and serendipity. Regarding news and web searches, this effect is sometimes called ``Information cocoon", and some see this effect as a threat for democracy. A few days after the Brexit vote, Katharina Viner, the Editor-in-Chief of Guardian News \& Media, wrote a long article on this issue. She illustrated her point with the blog post of Tom Steinberg, a British internet activist and mySociety founder:

"I am actively searching through Facebook for people celebrating the Brexit leave victory, but the filter bubble is SO strong, and extends SO far into things like Facebook's custom search that I can't find anyone who is happy *despite the fact that over half the country is clearly jubilant today* and despite the fact that I'm *actively* looking to hear what they are saying."

There is currently a debate on whether or not this algorithmic filter bubble is actually stronger or not than the typical "real-life" bubble. Whether or not this is currently true, it is primordial to derive recommendation algorithms that are able to provide a fair representation of the diverse set of items/opinions an individual may be exposed to, or to potentially be able to choose metrics that favor diversity or serendipity instead of accuracy. Any algorithm with such objectives has to adequately handle the rare products and the heavy tail properties of the datasets. The objective of this project is to provide such a method, in a theoretically grounded and interpretable statistical framework.
Key Findings
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Organisation Website: http://www.ox.ac.uk