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Details of Grant 

EPSRC Reference: EP/P025838/1
Title: Newton Fund (Invitation Only) - Dearman liquid air TRU systems for cold chain in India
Principal Investigator: Dearn, Professor KD
Other Investigators:
Al-Dadah, Dr R Tsolakis, Professor A
Researcher Co-Investigators:
Project Partners:
Department: Mechanical Engineering
Organisation: University of Birmingham
Scheme: Newton Fund
Starts: 02 October 2017 Ends: 01 May 2020 Value (£): 189,996
EPSRC Research Topic Classifications:
Energy Efficiency Energy Storage
EPSRC Industrial Sector Classifications:
Manufacturing Food and Drink
Related Grants:
Panel History:  
Summary on Grant Application Form
The International Institute of Refrigeration (IIR) estimates that 200m tonnes of perishable produce could be preserved if the

developing world had the same level of cold chain as the developed world, this accounts for up to 40% of crops harvested

in India. The lack of cold chain infrastructure in India, particularly the lack of transport refrigeration (TRUs) for the safe

transport of food must be addressed to reduce the losses. India's National Centre for Cold-chain Development has stated

that India requires a further 52,000 TRUs simply to catch up with current production, excluding any future growth. This

innovative industrial research project will optimise the proven zero-emission, affordable, novel Dearman transport

refrigeration system technology, focusing on the liquid nitrogen tank, for the Indian market. The project will be completed by

five core beneficiaries with the support of an advisory partner who will review project aims and achievements on a quarterly


The research into the LiN tank design will look at novel ways of dealing with the expected high levels of boil off if a standard

tank is used. Using the current configuration would lead to reduced operating times and increased fill frequencies - the new

design will look to minimise these issues and develop a new tank design to reduce the sloshing of liquid nitrogen using fluid

flow analysis and modelling and mechanical design optimisation. This will achieve a new product optimised for the Indian

market that could pave the way for a new commercial product and IP in the form of new patents.

The proposed project will be conducted in collaboration with our academic partner, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay

(IITB), conducted in parallel to the other work packages lead by our Industrial partners Dearman, Artic Refrigeration,

Cartwright and ColdEX. UoB will lead the mechanical design and optimisation of the LiN tank as described in WP6 and will

contribute to the fluid flow analysis and modelling. The tank technologies developed at Birmingham will be supported by

state-of-the-art facilities housed within the EPSRC funded Birmingham Centre for Cryogenic Energy Storage including a

range of measurement and analytical facilities, UoB's BLUEBear high performance computing facilities and the Government/ INNOVATE UK funded Institute for Thermal Energy Manufacturing Accelerator (part of the Thermal-Energy

Research Accelerator, T-ERA).
Key Findings
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Potential use in non-academic contexts
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Date Materialised
Sectors submitted by the Researcher
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Project URL:  
Further Information:  
Organisation Website: http://www.bham.ac.uk