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EPSRC Reference: EP/N019342/1
Title: Self-Sustaining Process of Townsend’s Attached Eddies in High-Reynolds-Number Wall Turbulence
Principal Investigator: Hwang, Dr Y
Other Investigators:
Researcher Co-Investigators:
Project Partners:
Department: Aeronautics
Organisation: Imperial College London
Scheme: First Grant - Revised 2009
Starts: 01 April 2016 Ends: 31 March 2018 Value (£): 93,423
EPSRC Research Topic Classifications:
Aerodynamics Fluid Dynamics
EPSRC Industrial Sector Classifications:
No relevance to Underpinning Sectors
Related Grants:
Panel History:
Panel DatePanel NameOutcome
09 Feb 2016 Engineering Prioritisation Panel Meeting 9 and 10 February 2016 Announced
Summary on Grant Application Form
Over the past decade, significant progress on understanding the coherent structures in wall turbulence has been made, especially in twofold. One is discovery of the non-trivial exact solutions of the Navier-Stokes equation, known as exact coherent structures, which has allowed for tackling low-Reynolds-number turbulence with dynamical system approaches. The other, initiated by discovery of new coherent structures emerging much further from wall at high Reynolds numbers, is the emerging evidence supporting Townsend's attached eddy hypothesis, which views that all the coherent structures, the size of which varies from the inner to outer length scale, are self-similar and form a hierarchial organisation.

Recently, the single eddy entity in the hierarchial organisation, called attached eddy, has been computed by our group, providing compelling evidence on the existence of the attached eddy. It has been found that the computed attached eddies exhibit the physical features highly reminiscent of those of the exact coherent structures. The goal of the proposed research is therefore to establish a theoretical link between the Townsend's attached eddies and the exact coherent structures in high-Reynolds-number wall turbulence. To achieve this, two work packages are proposed, one of which is to examine the detailed physical processes of a single attached eddy (especially streak instability) and the other is to directly compute the exact coherent structures associated with the given attached eddy.

The proposed research will be an important step towards a consistent theoretical description of statistical and dynamical features of the coherent structures in a wide range of the Reynolds numbers, covering from transitional (especially bypass transition) to fully-developed turbulent regime. It will also have a great potential to contribute to understanding and controlling wall turbulence at high Reynolds numbers, crucial for development of next generation aeronautical and mechanical engineering devices.
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Organisation Website: http://www.imperial.ac.uk