EPSRC Reference: 
EP/N006593/1 
Title: 
The Unified Transform, Imaging and Asymptotics 
Principal Investigator: 
Fokas, Professor A 
Other Investigators: 

Researcher CoInvestigators: 

Project Partners: 

Department: 
Applied Maths and Theoretical Physics 
Organisation: 
University of Cambridge 
Scheme: 
EPSRC Fellowship 
Starts: 
01 October 2015 
Ends: 
30 September 2020 
Value (£): 
1,206,870

EPSRC Research Topic Classifications: 
Mathematical Analysis 
Numerical Analysis 

EPSRC Industrial Sector Classifications: 

Related Grants: 

Panel History: 

Summary on Grant Application Form 
A plethora of physical, chemical, biological and even social processes, can be modelled by mathematical equations. Many of these processes involve continuous change, and then the relevant equations take the form of differential equations. In models containing more than one variable, which is the great majority of situations, the relevant equations are called partial differential equations (PDEs). Given that these equations are instrumental in modelling the world around us, it is crucial that appropriate tools are developed for solving PDEs so that the associated models can be properly analysed. PDEs come into two broad categories: linear and nonlinear. A general technique for solving linear PDEs was developed by the great French mathematician Fourier in the early 1800s. Nonlinear PDEs are much more difficult to solve analytically. In 1997 the PI introduced a new method for solving a large class of nonlinear PDEs. In an unexpected development, these results have motivated the development of a completely new method for solving linear PDEs in two dimensions. This is remarkable, since until then it was thought that the methods developed by Fourier and others in the 18th century could not be improved. This method is reviewed by three authors in the March 2014 issue of the Journal SIAM Review in the article titled "The Method of Fokas for solving linear PDEs", and in an accompanied editorial the importance of this method for solving linear PDEs is compared with the importance of the "Fosbury flop" in the high jump. The first part of this project involves completing the implementation of the above method to some important linear and nonlinear problems in two dimensions, and then extending this method from 2 to 3 dimensions.
Several medical imaging techniques, including Computed Tomography, Positron Emission Tomography (PET) and Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography (SPECT) are based on the solution of a particular class of mathematical problems, called inverse problems. In the second part of this project, new numerical and analytical techniques will be implemented for PET and SPECT.
The Riemann function occurs in many different areas of mathematics. Several conjectures related to the Riemann function remain open, including the famous Riemann hypothesis and the Lindeloef hypothesis. The third part of the project involves the analysis of the asymptotics of the Riemann and related functions, which is expected to enhance our understanding of the relevant, most important mathematical structures.

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Organisation Website: 
http://www.cam.ac.uk 