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Details of Grant 

EPSRC Reference: EP/N006593/1
Title: The Unified Transform, Imaging and Asymptotics
Principal Investigator: Fokas, Professor A
Other Investigators:
Researcher Co-Investigators:
Project Partners:
Department: Applied Maths and Theoretical Physics
Organisation: University of Cambridge
Scheme: EPSRC Fellowship
Starts: 01 October 2015 Ends: 30 September 2020 Value (£): 1,206,870
EPSRC Research Topic Classifications:
Mathematical Analysis Numerical Analysis
EPSRC Industrial Sector Classifications:
Related Grants:
Panel History:
Panel DatePanel NameOutcome
16 Jun 2015 EPSRC Mathematics Prioritisation Panel June 2015 Announced
22 Jul 2015 Mathematics Fellowship Interviews July 2015 Announced
Summary on Grant Application Form
A plethora of physical, chemical, biological and even social processes, can be modelled by mathematical equations. Many of these processes involve continuous change, and then the relevant equations take the form of differential equations. In models containing more than one variable, which is the great majority of situations, the relevant equations are called partial differential equations (PDEs). Given that these equations are instrumental in modelling the world around us, it is crucial that appropriate tools are developed for solving PDEs so that the associated models can be properly analysed. PDEs come into two broad categories: linear and non-linear. A general technique for solving linear PDEs was developed by the great French mathematician Fourier in the early 1800s. Non-linear PDEs are much more difficult to solve analytically. In 1997 the PI introduced a new method for solving a large class of non-linear PDEs. In an unexpected development, these results have motivated the development of a completely new method for solving linear PDEs in two dimensions. This is remarkable, since until then it was thought that the methods developed by Fourier and others in the 18th century could not be improved. This method is reviewed by three authors in the March 2014 issue of the Journal SIAM Review in the article titled "The Method of Fokas for solving linear PDEs", and in an accompanied editorial the importance of this method for solving linear PDEs is compared with the importance of the "Fosbury flop" in the high jump. The first part of this project involves completing the implementation of the above method to some important linear and non-linear problems in two dimensions, and then extending this method from 2 to 3 dimensions.

Several medical imaging techniques, including Computed Tomography, Positron Emission Tomography (PET) and Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography (SPECT) are based on the solution of a particular class of mathematical problems, called inverse problems. In the second part of this project, new numerical and analytical techniques will be implemented for PET and SPECT.

The Riemann function occurs in many different areas of mathematics. Several conjectures related to the Riemann function remain open, including the famous Riemann hypothesis and the Lindeloef hypothesis. The third part of the project involves the analysis of the asymptotics of the Riemann and related functions, which is expected to enhance our understanding of the relevant, most important mathematical structures.
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Organisation Website: http://www.cam.ac.uk