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Details of Grant 

EPSRC Reference: EP/M013162/1
Title: Novel low energy plasma/catalytic gas cleaning process to deliver high quality syngas from the gasification of waste biomass
Principal Investigator: Williams, Professor P
Other Investigators:
Tu, Professor X Wang, Professor M Gu, Professor S
Researcher Co-Investigators:
Project Partners:
Alstom Group C-Tech Innovation Ltd Future Blends Ltd
Process Systems Enterprises Ltd Thermitech Solutions Ltd
Department: Chemical and Process Engineering
Organisation: University of Leeds
Scheme: Standard Research - NR1
Starts: 01 January 2015 Ends: 31 August 2018 Value (£): 911,539
EPSRC Research Topic Classifications:
Bioenergy
EPSRC Industrial Sector Classifications:
Energy
Related Grants:
Panel History:
Panel DatePanel NameOutcome
31 Jul 2014 Bioenergy Challenge II Announced
Summary on Grant Application Form
The gasification of biomass wastes represents a major thermochemical route to produce a high energy value syngas from a source which is renewable and CO2-neutral. However, one of the major issues in the gasification process is contamination of the product syngas with tar. Tar is the key problem for biomass gasification and is a complex mixture of condensable hydrocarbons. The formation of tar causes major process and syngas end-use problems, including tar blockages, plugging and corrosion in downstream fuel lines, filters, engine nozzles and turbines.

This proposal seeks to develop a novel gas cleaning process based on low temperature plasma/catalytic technology to produce a clean, high quality syngas from the gasification of waste biomass. Gasification of the biomass will be investigated in an existing small-pilot scale fluidised bed gasifier, modified to include a downstream plasma/catalytic syngas cleaning process. Experimental and detailed analytical work developing the coupled biomass gasification-gas cleaning process will enable a mechanistic understanding of the tar reduction process and will be extended by CFD modelling of model tar compounds. Process modelling and simulation of the combined biomass gasification-plasma/catalytic gas clean-up sytem will build a foundation for process analysis, optimal design and operation to facilitate exploitation of this innovative technology development.

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Organisation Website: http://www.leeds.ac.uk