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Details of Grant 

EPSRC Reference: EP/M009564/1
Title: Atomically Deterministic Doping and Readout For Semiconductor Solotronics (ADDRFSS)
Principal Investigator: Murdin, Professor BN
Other Investigators:
Hirjibehedin, Dr C Curson, Professor NJ Fisher, Professor AJ
Bowler, Professor DR Clowes, Professor SK Ginossar, Dr E
Schofield, Dr SR Aaen, Dr PH Aeppli, Professor G
Researcher Co-Investigators:
Project Partners:
Department: ATI Physics
Organisation: University of Surrey
Scheme: Programme Grants
Starts: 01 February 2015 Ends: 31 January 2022 Value (£): 6,382,161
EPSRC Research Topic Classifications:
Condensed Matter Physics Magnetism/Magnetic Phenomena
Quantum Optics & Information
EPSRC Industrial Sector Classifications:
Related Grants:
Panel History:
Panel DatePanel NameOutcome
21 Oct 2014 Programme Grant Interviews - 21 and 22 October 2014 (Physical Sciences) Announced
Summary on Grant Application Form
The aim of the ADDRFSS Programme is to exploit deterministic doping to explore the fundamental physics and processing requirements of alternative, disruptive silicon-based semiconductor device paradigms for quantum information technologies, spintronics, optically integrated electronics and metrology. Specifically, we will produce a great variety of "molecule" and "lattice" structures, and exploit them for new physics and new devices with a major focus on scale-up and manufacturability. Single defects in semiconductors, placed with atomic-scale precision, have suggested enormous potential for new quantum and classical devices, termed "solotronics", but what is required now is practical implementation of such device concepts. Silicon offers the exciting possibility of using wavefunctions built up by arrangement of overlapping impurity wavefunctions as atomic-scale functional device components and has the crucial advantage of a huge knowledge base. Although high-volume, low-cost CMOS research is not a UK priority, any new quantum technologies must be compatible with it to enable process integration with existing IC technology. By advancing our deterministic doping capabilities for high throughput doping, and broadening our chemical specificity to allow use of magnetic dopants and thin germanium doped layers, we will produce devices of wafer-scale dimensions and diverse functionality.

One example of the classical architectures we will develop will incorporate the smallest possible silicon devices with form of an n(+)-n(++)-n transistor, where there are three donors of different ionization potential (e.g. P-Sb-Bi etc). Current flow from left to right is blocked unless the potential of the central donor is lowered to be between that of the ends.

At a more fundamental level, artificial solids in cold-atom lattices are generating great excitement due to their ability to transfer quantum information along the lattice, and to entangle multiple atoms. The aim is to realize large scale quantum computers and quantum simulators in and out of equilibrium (for modelling e.g. phase transitions in high-Tc superconductors etc that are particularly difficult to model with classical computers). The silicon "molecules" and "solids" we propose to build are also attractive for these purposes but with significant benefits: the impurities can be trapped inside a Si "vacuum" permanently and direct images of wavefunctions can be obtained with scanning tunnelling microscopy, and there is no need for elaborate optical and gas-handling systems - the resulting "frozen" atom chips are stable and inherently scalable and their costs will inevitably fall as they always have done for the semiconductor technology. We have established that the main disadvantage (non-radiative relaxation) is surmountable and we aim to mirror the atom-trap developments with a system that is scalable and electrically contactable, both with lithographically patterned wires and through scanning probe tips.

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Organisation Website: http://www.surrey.ac.uk