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Details of Grant 

EPSRC Reference: EP/K008595/1
Title: Complex interfacial flows with heat transfer: Analysis, direct numerical simulations and experiments
Principal Investigator: Kalliadasis, Professor S
Other Investigators:
Markides, Professor CN van Wachem, Professor B G M
Researcher Co-Investigators:
Project Partners:
Alfa Laval AM Technology International Innovations Europe Ltd
The Technology Partnership Plc (TTP)
Department: Chemical Engineering
Organisation: Imperial College London
Scheme: Standard Research
Starts: 01 July 2013 Ends: 30 September 2016 Value (£): 609,749
EPSRC Research Topic Classifications:
Heat & Mass Transfer Multiphase Flow
EPSRC Industrial Sector Classifications:
Chemicals Construction
Pharmaceuticals and Biotechnology
Related Grants:
Panel History:
Panel DatePanel NameOutcome
30 Oct 2012 Engineering Prioritisation Meeting - 30 Oct 2012 Announced
Summary on Grant Application Form
Multiphase flows often play a central role in engineering and have numerous practical applications. The proposed research focuses on free-surface thin-film flows over heated substrates. Such flows are part of the general class of interfacial flows which involve such diverse effects as dispersion and nonlinearity,

dissipation and energy accumulation, two- and three-dimensional phenomena and hence they are of great fundamental significance. Film dynamics and stability are governed by the effects of gravity, inertia, capillarity, thermocapillarity, viscosity, as well as surface topology and conditions. The thermocapillary forces give rise to an important surface phenomenon known as the Marangoni effect, in which variations in surface tension due to temperature result in liquid flow. The Marangoni effect leads to film deformation, driving it to rise locally and thus to generate instabilities that lead eventually to the formation of wave structures. In low-Reynolds (Re)-numbers heated falling films the thermocapillary forces are in competition with those of gravity and viscosity. In shear-driven horizontal flows, gravity is absent and the driving force is that of viscous shear at the gas-liquid interface. At higher Re inertia begins to play an increasingly dominant role.

Film flows show great promise in terms of their heat exchange capabilities. We aspire to harness and extend this promise, which will allow step improvements to the performance and efficiency of a host of technologies and industrial applications that rely crucially on film flows. This proposal seeks funding for a comprehensive three-year research programme into a three-pronged novel experimental, theoretical and numerical investigation aimed at rationally understanding and systematically predicting the hydrodynamic characteristics of liquid films flowing over heated surfaces, and furthermore, how these characteristics control the heat transfer potential of the corresponding flows. The proposal aims to answer these questions, with the goal of being able to accurately and efficiently predict complex physical behaviour in

heated film flows. We focus specifically on two paradigm flows: gravity-driven falling films and gas-driven horizontal films. The analytical work will be complemented by detailed numerical simulations that will act to verify the efficacy of the developed flow models while both analysis and computations will be contrasted with advanced experiments. The work will be undertaken by a team from the Chemical and Mechanical Engineering Departments at Imperial College London with complementary skills and strengths: Kalliadasis (Analysis--Theory), Markides (Experimental Fluid Mechanics) and van Wachem (Multiphase Flow Modelling--Computations).
Key Findings
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Organisation Website: http://www.imperial.ac.uk