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Details of Grant 

EPSRC Reference: EP/J020532/1
Title: EMOTIVE - Extracting the Meaning Of Terse Information in a geo-Visualisation of Emotion
Principal Investigator: Jackson, Professor T
Other Investigators:
O'Brien, Dr A
Researcher Co-Investigators:
Project Partners:
Department: Information Science
Organisation: Loughborough University
Scheme: Standard Research
Starts: 30 May 2012 Ends: 29 May 2013 Value (£): 88,552
EPSRC Research Topic Classifications:
Artificial Intelligence Computer Graphics & Visual.
Information & Knowledge Mgmt
EPSRC Industrial Sector Classifications:
Aerospace, Defence and Marine Information Technologies
Related Grants:
Panel History:
Panel DatePanel NameOutcome
09 Feb 2012 Data Intensive Systems (DaISy) Announced
Summary on Grant Application Form
The ability for ordinary people to express and exchange their opinions and feelings has increased beyond all expectations in the past ten years of internet expansion and availability. To the military and national security agencies this has provided both opportunities and challenges. Opportunities have emerged in the sense of readily available awareness of discontent and oppositional movements and initiatives. Recent urban disturbances have illustrated the key role played by social networks in the fast-moving events of Summer 2011. The challenges have escalated due to the sheer number of sources of social interaction and public communication media. This research addresses some of these issues in a bold initiative to combine well established and considered science with the increasingly familiar tools of Web 2.0.

Four of the most popular sources of the public exchange of ideas (email, social networks, such as Facebook, microblogs, such as Twitter and comments to newspaper editorials and high-profile stories) will be selectively monitored. Sensitive words and phrases which may be of concern to the military and national security agencies will be extracted by extending a Natural Language Processing technique already developed for email by the Principal Investigator. The team will develop an ontology (a rule-based linguistic database) in which the extracted words and phrases will be semantically filtered and restricted to a manageable set of agreed terms. An example of how the ontology will work can be illustrated by suggesting the number of ways the word 'looting' might be expressed in, for example, established vocabulary (raiding, pillaging, ransacking, etc.) as well as in urban and regional street language and text speak ( doin' over, scamming, etc.). The ontology will be trained to recognise the words and phrases, make semantic links between them and deliver one or more accepted descriptors to the analysts.

EMOTIVE will monitor the traffic of sensitive words and phrases filtered through the ontology when applied to specific incidents, individuals and groups. Increased activity will be indicated by frequency of occurrence or severity, which will be presented through a concept cloud which uses the size of words as a metaphor for frequency and hence importance.

Further to this, a second ontology will be created in which words and phrases that express emotion will be harnessed and this ontology will process the emotionally charged words and phrases extracted from the four sources described above in a similar way to the first

The output of both ontologies will be linked, so that the monitoring analyst will be presented with a colour-coded indication of the strength of emotion attached to the language-based terms.

The final feature in Emotive will be a geo interface to point to the location of the emotionally charged traffic. This interface will be refreshed every 60 seconds with the effect of helping to identify sensitive hot spots of communication and activities. Outputs from the system consisting of effectively presented new knowledge will enable defence and national security agencies both to predict and monitor selected events as they develop and will assist in the formulation of policy.

It can be argued that the general public will be direct beneficiaries of this research in that the defence and national security agencies who act as guardians of public safety and order will be further equipped by this tool to identify, evaluate and ultimately safeguard the public from potentially harmful events.

Defence and national agencies will already be experienced at monitoring these data sources but this tool adds an extra filter of analysis, it will work in almost real time, will amalgamate data from several sources if desired and will provide harmonised output.
Key Findings
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Potential use in non-academic contexts
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Description This information can now be found on Gateway to Research (GtR) http://gtr.rcuk.ac.uk
Date Materialised
Sectors submitted by the Researcher
This information can now be found on Gateway to Research (GtR) http://gtr.rcuk.ac.uk
Project URL: http://emotive.lboro.ac.uk/
Further Information:  
Organisation Website: http://www.lboro.ac.uk