EPSRC Reference: 
EP/J004529/1 
Title: 
Applications of Number Theory and Probability in problems in Mathematical Physics 
Principal Investigator: 
Wigman, Professor I 
Other Investigators: 

Researcher CoInvestigators: 

Project Partners: 

Department: 
Sch of Mathematics 
Organisation: 
Cardiff University 
Scheme: 
First Grant  Revised 2009 
Starts: 
27 December 2011 
Ends: 
31 August 2012 
Value (£): 
100,289

EPSRC Research Topic Classifications: 
Mathematical Analysis 
Mathematical Physics 

EPSRC Industrial Sector Classifications: 
No relevance to Underpinning Sectors 


Related Grants: 

Panel History: 

Summary on Grant Application Form 
First observed by the physicist and musician Ernst Chladni in the 18th century, the nodal structures (also referred to as the Chladni Plates or Chladni Modes) appear in many problems in engineering, physics and natural sciences. The nodal patterns describe the sets that remain stationary during membrane vibrations, hence their importance in such diverse areas as musical instruments industry, mechanical structures, earthquake study and other fields. For example it is believed that the symmetries of musical instruments' nodal lines reflect or infer the beauty or quality of their sound. In addition, empirical observations show that the maximal destruction or damage inflicted by earthquakes is along nodal patterns, and hence they are important in a city planning considerations and related issues. They also arise in the study of wave propagation, cosmology, and astrophysics; this is a very active and rapidly developing research area.So far, the nodal structures have been mainly addressed in the physicists' literature. In his seminal paper, Michael Berry (1977) suggested that the behaviour of the nodal patterns corresponding to the high frequency vibration on chaoticshaped membranes (meaning that the trajectory of free particles is equidistributed on that membrane; this, for example, excludes the sphere and the torus) is universal, and corresponds to the Random Wave, studied earlier by LonguetHiggins as a model for ocean waves. Extensive numerical experiments confirm his predictions. Later, Blum, Gnutzmann and Smilansky (2002) studied some aspects of nodal structures numerically; in particular, they distinguish between the chaotic case and the completely integrable one (such as the torus or the sphere; here the dynamics of the free motion is well understood). Following this work, Bogomolny and Schmit (2002) introduced the elegant percolationlike model, that explains some of the aspects of nodal patterns discovered by BlumGnutzmannSmilanky. Despite the fact that, thanks to those efforts, a lot is understood about the nodal structures, only few rigorous statements are known.In this research I propose to investigate the nodal structures with mathematical rigour. In particular I would like to find some evidence that would either support or contradict the physicists' predictions and empirical observations.

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Organisation Website: 
http://www.cf.ac.uk 