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Details of Grant 

EPSRC Reference: EP/I017771/1
Title: AERODYNAMICS & AEROACOUSTICS OF COMPLEX GEOMETRY HOT JETS
Principal Investigator: Tucker, Professor P. G.
Other Investigators:
Hynes, Dr TP Mastorakos, Professor E Karabasov, Professor S
Dowling, Professor Dame A
Researcher Co-Investigators:
Project Partners:
Department: Engineering
Organisation: University of Cambridge
Scheme: Standard Research
Starts: 01 November 2011 Ends: 31 October 2015 Value (£): 436,330
EPSRC Research Topic Classifications:
Acoustics Aerodynamics
EPSRC Industrial Sector Classifications:
Aerospace, Defence and Marine
Related Grants:
Panel History:
Panel DatePanel NameOutcome
03 Nov 2010 Materials, Mechanical and Medical Engineering Announced
Summary on Grant Application Form
With the projected demand for air transport set to double the world aircraft fleet by 2020 it is becoming urgent to take steps to reduce the environmental impact of take off noise from aircraft. In the worst case noise can be more than just annoying, potentially being a contributory factor towards illnesses such as hypertension. Hence, the Advisory Council for Aeronautics Research in Europe (ACARE) has set the target of reducing perceived noise levels by 50% by the 2020. Continual reductions in permitted take-off noise levels are placing the commercial viability of more established plane models in jeopardy giving strong economic implications for the current work. The work proposed merges and extends two recently competed and highly successful EPSRC jet noise projects - GR/S43191/01 and GR/T06629/01. In GR/T06629/01 - rated tending to Outstanding - Large Eddy Simulation (LES) type predictive techniques for complex geometry jets were explored. During the previous GR/S43191/01 (rated Outstanding) project a RANS (Reynolds Averaged Navier-Stokes) based model for turbulent isothermal jet noise, based on an acoustic analogy was developed that is informed by LES. The model was proven to be more accurate for sound predictions, both for the sideline and aft angles to the jet, than previous acoustic models. It provided insights into the mechanisms of noise generation. Here we wish to extend the model to hot jets and complex nozzles, such as chevrons and co-axial jets, which will be of immediate interest to engine manufacturers. We also wish to contrast the model's performance with NASA Glenn, Southampton University and other models. There is very little understanding of the impact of the various space-time correlations of velocity and temperature or indeed the magnitude of these correlations themselves for hot jets. Hence, this flow physics element will be explored thus linking with the current research thrusts at NASA Glenn and the University of Poitiers.
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Organisation Website: http://www.cam.ac.uk