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Details of Grant 

EPSRC Reference: EP/G012172/1
Title: Programme Grant Application in Bio Tribology of Articular Cartilage and Substitution Interventions
Principal Investigator: Fisher, Professor J
Other Investigators:
Jin, Professor Z Wilcox, Professor RK Tipper, Professor JL
Korossis, Professor SA Ingham, Professor E Hall, Professor RM
Williams, Professor S
Researcher Co-Investigators:
Project Partners:
Department: Mechanical Engineering
Organisation: University of Leeds
Scheme: Standard Research
Starts: 05 May 2009 Ends: 04 June 2015 Value (£): 4,536,888
EPSRC Research Topic Classifications:
Biomechanics & Rehabilitation Medical science & disease
Tissue Engineering
EPSRC Industrial Sector Classifications:
Healthcare
Related Grants:
Panel History:
Panel DatePanel NameOutcome
08 Aug 2008 Bio Tribology Interview Panel Deferred
18 Sep 2008 Programme Grant Prioritisation Panel (Eng) Announced
Summary on Grant Application Form
Osteoarthritis affects at least 15% of the population. Currently, apart from pharmacological intervention and pain relief the only effective treatment is end stage total joint replacement. Current total joint replacement surgery is highly successful in patients over 65 with relatively low demands, with success rates over 90% at ten years. Osteoarthritis is being diagnosed in increasing numbers of younger and more active patients, who have expectations of an active life style and desire to remain functional and working for extended periods. However, current joint replacement is not as successful in younger patients, with long term wear and osteolysis in the hip and knee, associated with loss of fixation/bone, loosening and higher revision rates. Revision of failed prostheses is currently a large operating burden in the NHS, and these operations are generally more expensive with increased morbidity compared to primary arthroplasty. There is a reluctance to utilise end stage joint replacement in younger and more active patients, and there is a desire to develop tissue sparing substitution treatments and regenerative treatments for early degenerative disease in articulating joints. There is a need to develop research capacity in the functional biotribology of articular cartilage to support research and development of cartilage substitution therapies and regenerative interventions and enable a new generation of pre-clinical studies to be undertaken to accelerate of the translation of new technology to the patient and enhance the safety and efficacy through better short term predictions of long term clinical outcomes.The overall aim of this programme is to develop a new research platform to study the biotribology of full scale, whole natural joints, over extended periods of time, under representative physiological and anatomical conditions (through in vitro experimental and computational models). Once established these novel simulation systems for cartilage biotribology will allow us to work collaboratively with academic and industrial groups to investigate and support development of new surgical interventions for cartilage substitution and regenerative therapies for early intervention in osteoarthritis. Three important natural articulating joint systems of the hip, the knee and the spine will be addressed. The findings from the programme grant will be valuable in helping industry and manufacturers of advanced medical products to develop improved and safer intervention therapies, and for surgeons to make better informed about decisions on use of new therapies. The work will also inform regulatory and standard bodies such as MHRA (UK), FDA (USA) and ISO. This will have tremendous economic benefit to the UK NHS as well as social benefit to the patients.
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Summary
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Project URL: http://imbe.leeds.ac.uk
Further Information:  
Organisation Website: http://www.leeds.ac.uk