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Details of Grant 

EPSRC Reference: EP/F028865/1
Title: Novel Multi-relaxation-time High-order Models for Lattice Boltzmann Simulation of Non-equilibrium Gas Flows
Principal Investigator: Zhang, Professor Y
Other Investigators:
Researcher Co-Investigators:
Project Partners:
Department: Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering
Organisation: University of Strathclyde
Scheme: First Grant Scheme
Starts: 07 July 2008 Ends: 06 July 2011 Value (£): 250,467
EPSRC Research Topic Classifications:
Fluid Dynamics Multiphase Flow
EPSRC Industrial Sector Classifications:
Manufacturing Chemicals
Related Grants:
Panel History:
Panel DatePanel NameOutcome
22 Nov 2007 Engineering Science (Flow) Panel Announced
Summary on Grant Application Form
The micro/nano-fluidic technology associated with Micro/Nano-Electro-Mechanical Systems and Micro-Total-Analysis Systems is set to revolutionise the chemical, pharmaceutical and food industries. Flow simulation is critical in the design of these miniaturised devices, but there is a major problem when predicting gas flow behaviour at micro/nano-scales. The thermodynamic quasi-equilibrium hypothesis, on which the Navier-Stokes-Fourier (NSF) equations depend, is violated when the mean free path of the gas molecules is comparable to the characteristic dimension of the devices. While standard continuum NSF equations become invalid, molecular dynamics methods for whole flow-field simulation are beyond current computational capabilities. We propose a mesoscopic lattice Boltzmann (LB) method to fill this gap between continuum and molecular approaches, aiming to produce quantitatively accurate results for non-equilibrium gas flows but at a fraction of the computational cost of molecular dynamics methods. In addition to developing high-order mesoscopic LB models for both isothermal and thermal non-equilibrium flows, we will propose multiple relaxation time schemes to address different relaxation rates for different order velocity moments (including momentum and energy). For thermal flow, instead of seeking large discrete velocity sets to retain up to 5th-order velocity terms in the Hermite expansion approximation to the equilibrium distribution function, an additional energy density distribution function will be introduced so that small discrete velocity sets with simple lattice structures can significantly improve computational efficiency. For the first time, we will develop high-order LB models with multiple relaxation time schemes that will be applicable not only to hydrodynamic flow but also highly non-equilibrium flows. The results of this research will deliver a fundamental advance in mesoscopic LB modelling capability beyond the NSF equations and lay down a firm basis for a practical simulation tool for gas flows especially in industrially-relevant micro/nano-fluidic system geometries.
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Organisation Website: http://www.strath.ac.uk