EPSRC logo

Details of Grant 

EPSRC Reference: EP/E025447/1
Title: Layered transition metal oxychalcogenides: structures, electronic properties and chemistry
Principal Investigator: Clarke, Professor SJ
Other Investigators:
Researcher Co-Investigators:
Project Partners:
Stony Brook University
Department: Oxford Chemistry
Organisation: University of Oxford
Scheme: Standard Research
Starts: 11 June 2007 Ends: 10 June 2010 Value (£): 314,525
EPSRC Research Topic Classifications:
Condensed Matter Physics Materials Characterisation
EPSRC Industrial Sector Classifications:
Related Grants:
Panel History:  
Summary on Grant Application Form
Oxides are an important class of solid state material with a wide range of properties which are key to understanding the fundamental way in which electrons behave in solids, and which are central to many important technologies. This proposal aims to investigate a less well known class of solid state compound: the oxysulfides, which contain both oxide and sulfide ions and which often adopt layered structures with well-defined oxide-rich portions intergrown with sulfide-rich portions. The investigation of the way in which electrons and ions behave in each layer and the interaction between the two types of layer is expected to yield a range of properties complementary to those of the oxides and may yield compounds with application in new technologies.New oxysulfide compounds identified in recent years in the PI's group will be measured using a range of experimental techniques such as neutron powder diffraction, in-situ X-ray powder diffraction, magnetometry and electrical conductivity measurements. Solid state nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy will also form an important part of the programme and will be carried out in collaboration with the group of Prof. Clare Grey at SUNY Stony Brook. The results of all these measurements will be correlated with each other, with theoretical calculations carried out on these materials, and with results reported on other, related materials. The aims are to answer fundamental questions about the electronic properties of the materials and to investigate the mobilities of lithium, and copper ions in these compounds. The compounds will be compared with analogous oxides and sulfides. The synthetic part of the programme will extend the range of synthetic techniques available in the PI's group for the synthesis of materials to include electrochemical methods which will offer greater compositional control over some of the products These investigations will specifically focus on understanding the transition from the insulating state to the conducting state in solids and the correlation of such electronic changes with changes in the crystal structure of the compounds. The ionic mobilities will be correlated with the behaviour of materials which are important as electrodes and possible electrolytes in rechargeable lithium ion battery technologies. Furthermore the ionic mobilities will be correlated with the electronic and structural changes.The collaboration between the PI's group, which has expertise in synthesis, structural characterisation and physical property measurements, and Prof. Grey's group, which is world-leading in solid state NMR spectroscopy is an important component of the project. The relationship between the two groups will be strengthened by regular exchange of personnel for training purposes and the exchange of ideas.
Key Findings
This information can now be found on Gateway to Research (GtR) http://gtr.rcuk.ac.uk
Potential use in non-academic contexts
This information can now be found on Gateway to Research (GtR) http://gtr.rcuk.ac.uk
Description This information can now be found on Gateway to Research (GtR) http://gtr.rcuk.ac.uk
Date Materialised
Sectors submitted by the Researcher
This information can now be found on Gateway to Research (GtR) http://gtr.rcuk.ac.uk
Project URL: http://research.chem.ox.ac.uk/simon-clarke.aspx
Further Information:  
Organisation Website: http://www.ox.ac.uk