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Details of Grant 

EPSRC Reference: EP/C54269X/1
Title: Technologies and Techniques for Single Cell Proteomics and Lipidomics: Nanodigestion and Analysis of a Single Cell Plasma Membrane
Principal Investigator: Klug, Professor DR
Other Investigators:
Templer, Professor R Willison, Professor KR Parker, Professor Pj
French, Professor Paul Neil, Professor MAA de Mello, Professor AJ
Researcher Co-Investigators:
Professor O Ces
Project Partners:
Department: Dept of Chemistry
Organisation: Imperial College London
Scheme: Standard Research (Pre-FEC)
Starts: 01 August 2006 Ends: 30 June 2012 Value (£): 5,125,286
EPSRC Research Topic Classifications:
Analytical Science Genomics
Lasers & Optics
EPSRC Industrial Sector Classifications:
No relevance to Underpinning Sectors
Related Grants:
Panel History:  
Summary on Grant Application Form
The human genome project and those aimed as sequencing the genomes of other organisms tell us the codes that are present in an organism for generating proteins. Of course nearly every cell in the body contains a complete copy of those codes yet there are numerous cell types within the body performing a wide range of different functions, even within the same tissue we can clearly identify different cell types that are performing widely different functions. What makes these cell types different is fundamentally the different level of expression of the genes that they contain, in other words the genes that are switched on and therefore the proteins that are manufactured within those cells. However that is not the whole story. Even if we know what genes are switched on in a cell, the down stream activity of those proteins is really what is important in determining cell functionality. Proteins will move within the cell, they will interact and transform depending on those interactions. In addition the cells contain a wide variety of other chemical species, not least of which are lipids. While not directly coded by the genome, the production of lipids within the cell is controlled by the proteins present and interactions involving lipids are equally important in cell function as those involving proteins.One important area where understanding of the mechanisms behind cell function is at the cell membrane, as it is here that the cell interacts with its environment and with other cells. The ability to determine which molecular species are present within the cell membrane, particularly in areas where we can identify some sort of activity will be key to developing this understanding. This proposal is an ambitious project to construct instrumentation that can take individual cells, extract those molecules from identified areas of the plasma membrane, and analyse them using optical techniques to determine the chemical structures that they contain. The proposed instrumentation draws together a number of individual technologies from across Imperial College: The whole process will take place in microfluidic devices where fluids can be handled in nano-litre volumes to digest and separate molecules from cells and from each other: Multi-dimensional fluorescence imaging techniques will be used to highlight the interesting and active areas on the cell membrane and to monitor the digestion process: Optical trapping will be used to hold and manipulate the individual cells within the microfluidic flow to allow targeting of specific areas of the cell membrane: 2d non-linear infra-red spectroscopy techniques will be used to analyse the digested components and determine their structure.
Key Findings
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Potential use in non-academic contexts
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Impacts
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Summary
Date Materialised
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Project URL: http://www.singlecellanalysis.ac.uk/
Further Information:  
Organisation Website: http://www.imperial.ac.uk